[8] The Beck Depression Inventory was originally designed by psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck in 1961. The Depressive Life Experiences Scale (DLES) is an objective self-report instrument designed to assess six depressogenic life experiences: (1) social exits, (2) interpersonal disharmony, (3) personal inertia, (4) personal frustrations, (5) personal inadequacies, and (6) others' misfortunes. The DASS is a 42-item self report instrument designed to measure the three related negative emotional states of depression, anxiety and tension/stress. During the past month, have you often been bothered by feeling down, depressed, or hopeless? With respect to the stress scale, our results were consistent with the findings of Oei et al. Hamilton, M. (1960). Archives of General Psychiatry, 4(6), 561-571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120031004. The routine practice is to assess depression severity with one particular depression scale, and draw conclusions about depression in general, relying on the assumption that scales are interchangeable measures of depression. [12], Screening programs using rating scales to search for candidates for a more in-depth evaluation have been advocated to improve detection of depression, but there is evidence that they do not improve detection rates, treatment, or outcome. (1989) asked people to discuss the types of life experiences which trigger their feelings of depression. Studies – Depression Scale (CES-D) Radloff, L. S. (1977). Two scales measure emotional problems and functional problems. There is no evidence that the BDI-II is more valid or reliable than other depression scales,[16] and public domain scales such as the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Zung Depression scale and Patient Health Questionnaire – Nine Item (PHQ-9) has been studied as a useful tool.[17][18][19]. Medical Care, 30(6), 473-483. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005650-199206000-00002, McHorney, C.A., Ware Jr, J.E., Lu, J.R., & Sherbourne, C.D. D'Zurilla, T.J., & Nezu, A.M. (1990). This depression inventory can be self-scored. Manual for the Beck Hopelessness Scale. Together, these ten questions measure how distressed you’ve been recently, by signs of depression and anxiety. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) Scoring & Other Information Cox, J. L., Holden, J. M., & Sagovsky, R. (1987). The measurement of pessimism: The Hopelessness Scale. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 21(1), 52-65. https://doi.org/10.1002/mpr.358. 1. Objective: The authors compared measurement-based care with standard treatment in major depression. 0 I do not feel sad. The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale is a short self administered survey to quantify the depressed status of a patient. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation. The theoretical basis for the instrument is that life gains its quality from the ability and capacity of the individual to satisfy his or her needs. The scale can be completed in 20 to 30 minutes. Merenda, P.F. Rating scales to assess depression in school-aged children. (2011). _____ Insert Table 3 … The scoring scale is at the end of the questionnaire. Depression measures have been included in a variety of Network sponsored research, including the CARDIA Year-15 exam, and other smaller scale studies. The Child Behavior Profiles were designed for children and adolescents ages 6 to 18. (2015). The Montgomery‐Åsberg Depression Scale: Reliability and validity. 1. Used by permission. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. M. Using scales to monitor symptoms and treatment of depression (measurement-based care). The USPSTF published a level B recommendation for screening for depression in the general adult population (18 years and older), including older patients and pregnant and postpartum women. (1992). The measurement invariance results of the stress subscale indicate that the stress scale is not suitable for cross‐cultural comparisons between the two samples. Tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability across diverse patient groups. Psychiatry Research, 189(1), 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2010.12.007. The Achenbach, T.M. It assesses an individual’s negative expectations about the future. Rush, A.J., Trivedi, M.H., Ibrahim, H.M., Carmody, T.J., Arnow, B., Klein, D.N., . Other scales have been developed to measure depression in specific age groups, such as adolescents and the elderly. 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